ISO/TS 19620:2018 specifies a method primarily developed for the determination of inorganic arsenic species (arsenite (As(III)) and arsenate (As(V)) dissolved in a sample after a preservation process in waters with a low total organic carbon content such as potable water, tap water, surface waters, ground waters and rain waters. Information is provided on the determination of potentially relevant organo-arsenic species such as methylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) which may be encountered at very low levels in natural surface waters.
The linear working dynamic range depends on the operating conditions and the method of detection used; under standard conditions, it typically ranges from 0,5 µg/l to 50 µg/l for each species. Samples containing arsenic at concentrations higher than the linear dynamic range can be analysed after suitable dilution.
This method is based on high performance liquid chromatography separation of arsenic species with either inductively coupled mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) or hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS) as a method of detection.
The sensitivity of this method depends on the method of detection and the instrumental operating conditions selected. The limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method also depends on the operating conditions of the analytical system used and the extent of the calibration range used. LOQ examples for As(III) and As(V) are provided; LOQs are generally less than 1 µg/l.
ISO/TS 19620:2018 does not apply to arsenobetaine and other organic arsenic species which are not present in natural water samples.